Ondat has the capacity to influence Kubernetes Pod placement decisions to
ensure that Pods are scheduled on the same nodes as their data. This
functionality is known as
Ondat grants access to data by presenting, on local or remote nodes, the devices used in a Pod’s VolumeMounts. However, it is often the case that it is required or preferred to place the Pod on the node where the Ondat Primary Volume is located, because IO operations are fastest as a result of minimized network traffic and associated latency. Read operations are served locally and writes require fewer round trips to the replicas of the volume.
Ondat automatically enables the use of a custom scheduler for any Pod using Ondat Volumes. Checkout the Admission Controller reference for more information.
Storageos Kubernetes Scheduler
Ondat achieves Pod locality by implementing a Kubernetes scheduler extender. The Kubernetes standard scheduler interacts with the Ondat scheduler when placement decisions need to be made.
The Kubernetes standard scheduler selects a set of nodes for a placement decision based on nodeSelectors, affinity rules, etc. This list of nodes is sent to the Ondat scheduler which sends back the target node where the Pod shall be placed.
The Ondat scheduler logic is provided by a Pod in the Namespace where Ondat Pods are running.
When a Pod needs to be scheduled, the scheduler collects information about all available nodes and the requirements of the Pod. The collected data is then passed through the Filter phase, during which the scheduler predicates are applied to the node data to decide if the given nodes are compatible with the Pod requirements. The result of the filter consists of a list of nodes that are compatible for the given Pod and a list of nodes that aren’t compatible.
The list of compatible nodes is then passed to the Prioritize phase, in which the nodes are scored based on attributes such as the state. The result of the Prioritize phase is a list of nodes with their respective scores. The more favorable nodes get higher scores than less favorable nodes. The list is then used by the scheduler to decide the final node to schedule the Pod on.
Once a node has been selected, the third phase, Bind, handles the binding of the Pod to the Kubernetes apiserver. Once bound, the kubelet on the node provisions the Pod.
The Ondat scheduler implement Filter and Prioritization phases and leaves binding to the default Kubernetes scheduler.
Available +------------------+ +------------------+ NodeList & Pod | | Filtered NodeList | | Scored Information | | & Pod Information | | NodeList +-------------------->+ Filter +-------------------->+ Prioritize |---------------> | (Predicates) | | (Priorities) | | | | | +------------------+ +------------------+
The Ondat scheduler filters nodes ensuring that the remaining subset fulfill the following prerequisites:
- The node is running Ondat
- The node is healthy